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Insomnia or sleep apnea?
#1
What is the difference between sleep apnea and insomnia? Are they same? While browsing, I came to know that the symptoms of both are similar. Actually, I'm confused with both of them. Am I suffering from sleep apnea or insomnia? How do I get to know this? Any suggestions would be appreciable. Thank you in advance.
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#2
They are not the same. Insomnia is caused by something most often. Could be caused by apnea.

True clinically diagnosed insomnia is very rare.

The only way to tell if you have sleep apnea is to take a sleep study of some sort.

Common symptoms of apnea are:
poor sleep, waking up often, frequent urination, daytime fatigue/sleepiness, snoring, gasping, etc.
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#3
Hi tuckman,
Thank you for sharing these informationSmile
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#4
This is a layman's definition and is not how it at would be in a dictionary

Insomnia: The inability to fall asleep or stay asleep.

Sleep Apnea: Breathing cessation or reduction in breathing either by airway obstruction or from the absence of brain signals to signal a breath while asleep. This can cause oxygen deprivation.

I hope this may suffice.
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#5
While the symptoms can be similar the causes are generally different although there is a little overlap with heart and thyroid conditions. 

With insomnia, it's the inability to fall asleep:  the causes are primarily pain, anxiety, depression and neurology. 

With sleep apnea, the causes are primarily mechanical - disruption of breathing. Some neurological issues are included here such as restless legs as it is a disruption of sleep although serious restless legs can cause insomnia in some.
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#6
Note that insomnia may also include waking in the middle of the night and being unable to return to sleep.

Also consider that biological depression, not caused by any events in one's life, may have some very similar symptoms, as may hypothyroidism, certain autoimmune diseases, and so on.

If would really be a good idea to have a medical provider (doctor, advanced practice nurse, etc.) check you out for some of the more common issues.

If you have a family history of arthritis, or heart disease, or depression, those would be good things to discuss at an appointment.
                                                                                                                                                                                  
Please organize your SleeyHead screenshots like this.
I'm an epidemiologist, not a medical provider. 
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#7
(01-23-2017, 11:18 PM)EssienM Wrote: What is the difference between sleep apnea and insomnia? Are they same? While browsing, I came to know that the symptoms of both are similar. Actually, I'm confused with both of them. Am I suffering from sleep apnea or insomnia? How do I get to know this? Any suggestions would be appreciable. Thank you in advance.

If you want to read an excellent book about both conditions, read the book Sound Sleep, Sound Mind by Barry Krakow MD. He claims that a large percentage of people that his practice has treated for insomnia have been diagnosed with SDB (Sleep Disturbed Breathing)-generally sleep apnea or UARS (Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome).

Here is what Dr. Krakow proposes as a presumptive diagnosis for SDB:

Symptomatic Presumptive Diagnosis for SDB


1. waking from sleep at any time with dry mouth.
2. nocturia
3. waking up in the morning with a headaches
4. Impaired concentration
5. impaired memory
6. difficulty paying attention


Any 4 of these symptoms yields very high rate of SDB
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