Hello Guest, Welcome to Apnea Board !
As a guest, you are limited to certain areas of the board and there are some features you can't use.
To post a message, you must create a free account using a valid email address.

or Create an Account

New Posts   Today's Posts

[News] Severity of Sleep Apnea Influenced by Race
Severity of Sleep Apnea Influenced by Race
Severity of Sleep Apnea Influenced by Race

A new study suggests that obstructive sleep apnea severity is higher in African-American men in certain age ranges, even after controlling for body mass index (BMI).

"The results show that in certain age groups, after correcting for other demographic factors, the severity of sleep apnea as measured by the apnea-hypopnea index is higher in African-American males than Caucasian males," said James Rowley, PhD, the study's senior investigator, professor of medicine at Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit, and medical director of the Detroit Receiving Hospital Sleep Disorders Center.

Results of multivariate linear regression models show that being an African-American man younger than 40 years of age increased the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) by 3.21 breathing pauses per hour of sleep compared to a white man in the same age range with the same BMI. For participants between 50 and 59 years of age, being an African-American man increased AHI by 2.79 breathing events per hour of sleep. There was no difference in AHI between African-American and white women.

The study appears in the April 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, the official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

The researchers analyzed a prospectively collected database of 512 patients studied in the sleep center between July 1996 and February 1999. Inclusion criteria included patients at least 18 years of age, with an AHI greater than 5 events per hour of sleep and a full-night polysomnogram (PSG). Statistical analysis was performed to determine the association between race and AHI while controlling for the effect of confounders and effect modifiers, which included gender, age, BMI, and comorbidities. The database included 340 African-American and 172 Caucasian patients.

According to the authors, the mechanism for a racial difference in sleep apnea severity is unclear. They suggested that potential mechanisms include anatomic differences that affect upper airway mechanics and collapsibility, as well as differences in the neurochemical control of breathing.

Fair use from:

The above post may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. The material available is intended to advance the understanding of Sleep Apnea treatment and to advance the educational level of Sleep Apnea patients with regard to their health. Sometimes included is the full text of articles and documents rather than a simple link because outside links frequently "go bad" or change over time. This constitutes a "fair use" of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material in this post is distributed without fee or payment of any kind for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this post for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
Post Reply Post Reply

Donate to Apnea Board  
RE: Severity of Sleep Apnea Influenced by Race
Interesting, but not really conclusive, since the sample is only US peoples, small enough and uneven enough to possibly invalidate the results. But it makes and interesting start - the study should now be expanded to include Europeans and Africans in their native countries to see if the same figures show up. At this point it could be something unique to Americans, due to diet or other factors, or to the smallness of the sample of Caucasians in the mix (half that of the African Americans sample). To jump to a conclusion that is has something to do with the anatomy of Negroid forms is a bit of a reach as of yet. It may well turn out to be true, but at the moment there is not enough to go there, hence the need to expand the study. Other factors may be a higher fat diet in the US overall (and specifically to African American diets) or economic or environmental factors, none of which were addressed by the study. In addition, a large part of the African American population can trace their roots back to a very specific and limited region of Africa, on the west coast centred around the slave trade, and whatever may hold true for them may not for other African Negroid races. But still, it is an interesting start.
Post Reply Post Reply

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  Severe Sleep Apnea New User JustinJ 14 254 Yesterday, 07:27 PM
Last Post: bonjour
  Diet [affect on Sleep Apnea] E.W. 6 262 07-13-2019, 07:41 AM
Last Post: Bubba45
  My view of Life and Sleep Apnea Apnearon 20 697 06-21-2019, 06:35 PM
Last Post: Apnearon
  Sleep apnea from severe to minor?? Sleepless12 4 282 06-03-2019, 09:51 PM
Last Post: Sleepless12
  Looking for Sleep Apnea Dr in Boston, MA pinksky 2 147 05-29-2019, 02:02 AM
Last Post: pinksky
Question At-home sleep test results - questions about central apnea idlewire 4 296 05-25-2019, 04:27 PM
Last Post: mesenteria
  OSCAR Data Dump - Mild Sleep Apnea - How does this look? Diotima245 8 306 05-17-2019, 07:53 AM
Last Post: Diotima245

New Posts   Today's Posts

About Apnea Board

Apnea Board is an educational web site designed to empower Sleep Apnea patients.