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[News] Sleep Apnea Linked to Depression
#1
Sleep Apnea Linked to Depression

By MIKAELA CONLEY, ABC News

Gasping for air and stopping breathing while sleeping has been linked to depression, according to a new study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The condition, known as sleep apnea, occurs when a person's breathing is paused or interrupted while sleeping. The pauses, which can last a couple seconds to a minute, can cut off oxygen from the brain and the rest of the body. Symptoms of the condition include snoring, daytime fatigue and restless sleep.

"When a person stops breathing like this, they are momentarily brought out of deeper levels of sleep," said Anne G Wheaton, a CDC epidemiologist and lead author of the study. "They may not fully wake up, but they will not get the proper amount of rest."

The study, published in the journal Sleep, analyzed nearly 10,000 American adults. Researchers found that the likelihood of depression in study participants increased along with the self-reported rate of gasping and stopping breathing while sleeping.

About 6 percent of men and 3 percent of women enrolled in the study reported having been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. Otherwise, participants had not been diagnosed with the disorder, but described symptoms of gasping, snorting, restlessness while sleeping and daytime fatigue.

"Mental health professionals often ask patients with depression about their sleeping habits, and there is a known link between depression and insomnia, but less about depression and this specific sleep disorder," said Wheaton.

While there have been small studies with smaller study populations that have examined the link in the past, this is the first study to look at the link between sleep apnea and depression in the general population, said Wheaton.

Cells need oxygen to "perform whatever tasks there are for the brain to perform and if they're not getting enough, a person's physical and mental health seems to suffer," said Wheaton.

Men are more at risk of sleep apnea than women. Obesity puts people at greater risk of apnea because the extra weight around the neck can cut off breathing. Being older than 40 and having a large neck size also puts people at greater risk for the sleep disorder.

Despite the potential health issues associated with the disorder, most people are unaware of the difficulty they have breathing while sleeping. It is usually only after a bed partner notices the breathing problems that a diagnosis is revealed.

While the research adds an important element to understanding depression and sleep disorders, the findings should be taken with caution because of the study's self-reporting nature.

"People are poor reporters of their sleep symptoms in general," said Dr. Rosalind Cartwright, chairman of psychology at Rush University Medical Center. "The authors make up for this with large numbers to wash out error but [did] better if they asked the bed partner for these data."

There are several ways to treat sleep apnea, experts said, including a airway pressure masks that can be placed over the nose and mouth while sleeping to keep the upper airway passages open. Surgery is available to remove excess tissue around the nose and throat that can cause snoring and block air passages.

Despite the availability of treatment, Cartwright said about 80 percent of people who snort or stop breathing five or more nights do not seek treatment and go undiagnosed.

"[That] is a headline all by itself," said Cartwright. "Couples get together to sleep together. Snorting drives them apart."

fair use from:
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/sleep-apnea...d=16029912#

The above post may contain copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. The material available is intended to advance the understanding of Sleep Apnea treatment and to advance the educational level of Sleep Apnea patients with regard to their health. Sometimes included is the full text of articles and documents rather than a simple link because outside links frequently "go bad" or change over time. This constitutes a "fair use" of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material in this post is distributed without fee or payment of any kind for research and educational purposes. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this post for purposes of your own that go beyond "fair use", you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
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#2
I have been doing some research on OSA and it's links to panic and anxiety disorders. There is research that indicates that increased co2 levels to certain areas of the brain from OSA can contribute to panic and anxiety.
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#3
Mmmmmmm, I think depression can be linked to just about any condition where people suffer and as for panic attacks, I think thats common too where you are putting things over your face. Alot of people cant cope with doing this especially as when you first put it on it can be hard to breath but I think that education in the sleep labs can sort this one out.
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#4
(03-30-2012, 12:10 PM)Gazby Wrote: Mmmmmmm, I think depression can be linked to just about any condition where people suffer and as for panic attacks, I think thats common too where you are putting things over your face. Alot of people cant cope with doing this especially as when you first put it on it can be hard to breath but I think that education in the sleep labs can sort this one out.

Actually the link that I was referring to is "Generalized Anxiety and Panic" not just waking up with the mask and feeling panicked.

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#5
(03-30-2012, 01:11 PM)Rritch Wrote:
(03-30-2012, 12:10 PM)Gazby Wrote: Mmmmmmm, I think depression can be linked to just about any condition where people suffer and as for panic attacks, I think thats common too where you are putting things over your face. Alot of people cant cope with doing this especially as when you first put it on it can be hard to breath but I think that education in the sleep labs can sort this one out.

Actually the link that I was referring to is "Generalized Anxiety and Panic" not just waking up with the mask and feeling panicked.

Sorry Rritch that seemed to come over all wrong the mmm meant to be Thinking-about Alot of peeps panic when putting on a mask but what your suggesting is that its more of a chemical thing in the brain. I need to take a lesson in americanisms, I dont knock anyones comments or suggestions unless theyre calling me a fatty Big Grin

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#6
Just give them Prozac and no wonder more and more children been diagnosed with ADHD and prescribed Ritalin
Isn't there a disease called modern living syndrome or something?
It is not surprising depression and sleep deprivation are linked
Sleep deprivation is a form of torture
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#7
(03-30-2012, 01:22 PM)Gazby Wrote:
(03-30-2012, 01:11 PM)Rritch Wrote:
(03-30-2012, 12:10 PM)Gazby Wrote: Mmmmmmm, I think depression can be linked to just about any condition where people suffer and as for panic attacks, I think thats common too where you are putting things over your face. Alot of people cant cope with doing this especially as when you first put it on it can be hard to breath but I think that education in the sleep labs can sort this one out.

Actually the link that I was referring to is "Generalized Anxiety and Panic" not just waking up with the mask and feeling panicked.

Sorry Rritch that seemed to come over all wrong the mmm meant to be Thinking-about Alot of peeps panic when putting on a mask but what your suggesting is that its more of a chemical thing in the brain. I need to take a lesson in americanisms, I dont knock anyones comments or suggestions unless theyre calling me a fatty Big Grin

No worries I did not take it any way other than what you meant. My GF has generalized panic discorder which is why I have been researching this. She has panic attacks at various times like towards the back of large stores, etc. It turns out that increased levels of co2 in the certain areas of the brain may contribute to panic disorders.
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#8
(03-30-2012, 08:56 AM)Rritch Wrote: I have been doing some research on OSA and it's links to panic and anxiety disorders. There is research that indicates that increased co2 levels to certain areas of the brain from OSA can contribute to panic and anxiety.

I'd like to hear more about this if you feel like writing a bit about it.
My age is none of my mind's business. --- Netskier
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#9
(03-30-2012, 01:41 PM)Netskier Wrote:
(03-30-2012, 08:56 AM)Rritch Wrote: I have been doing some research on OSA and it's links to panic and anxiety disorders. There is research that indicates that increased co2 levels to certain areas of the brain from OSA can contribute to panic and anxiety.

I'd like to hear more about this if you feel like writing a bit about it.

I am very early into the research, but I have found a few articles about it. I will see if I can dig up the reference about co2 levels and quote it here if I can.
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#10
A study conducted by the University of Iowa showed that c02 retention increased brain acidity which then triggers a protein called acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) which is found in the amygdala. This is the region deep within the brain that processes fear signals and directs fear response.

I just found an article that is discussing the study, I have not located the actual study yet. I am not sure if it is OK to post a link to the article or not. If it is I will post it.
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